Bengali Hunt Desk: After the outbreak of coronavirus all over the world, this time people are reminded of the epidemic that has caused even more terrible outbreaks. Experts are referring to the old epidemic and advising people on what to do to survive the outbreak of the virus. In the midst of this epidemic, Super Cyclone Amphan wreaked havoc on the coast of Bengal.
A cyclone hit the world 100 years ago during the plague epidemic. However, that cyclone helped to end the plague. Let me tell you that in 1894 the plague spread all over the world by ship and in 1897 the plague reached Bombay (Mumbai) by ship. The plague caused so much damage in Bombay that the plague became known as the Bombay Plague.
At the time of the plague, 60 percent of the bomb population was migrant workers. And 50 percent of them left Bombay for the plague to return to their home states. Let me tell you, the Epidemic Act was also enacted in 1898 due to the Bombay Plague.
The plague began to spread from Hong Kong in 1894. Alexander Yersin of the Pasteur Institute in France then investigated the cause of the plague with Hong Kong. He was the one who isolated the plague-spreading bacteria and found out that the plague was spread from rats. Then in 1896 his colleague came to India and found out that the virus had spread from human to rat.
For hundreds of years, people have known that the plague spread from rats to humans. And for this reason many people were employed in many cities to catch rats. Ships, on the other hand, are blamed for spreading the plague around the world. Incidentally, there is ample space and food available for rats on the ship. The rats eat the food kept for the passengers, and the plague spreads among the passengers. And this is why the plague spreads all over the world through ships and their passengers.
At that time most of the trade between all the countries was done by ship. According to a report by Orissa Bytes, the rats on the cargo ship infected the ship's contents. And because of that the goods were kept in the port for a long time and therefore the price of those goods also increased. This would have had a devastating effect on the global economy.
To solve this problem, scientists first burned sulfur dioxide and sprayed it on ships. This would increase the chances of the plague being eradicated. Although this process was time consuming. Along with this the ship had to go through this process after each voyage. Exactly 100 years ago today, the German company Degesch revolutionized the removal of plague from ships in 1920 by making Zyklon B gas.
The word jaclon was used for cyclones in Germany because the gas was made from a compound of cyanide and chlorine. The Jacqueline spread rapidly throughout the world due to its effectiveness in eradicating the plague. After this gas was made, the ships had to go through this process only twice a year to get rid of the plague. At the same time, the ship's contents no longer had to be quarantined. This gas is believed to be the most effective in preventing plague in the whole world.